Technology parks in Ukraine

Analysis of international experience shows that economic growth in modern conditions requires the creation of appropriate conditions and mechanisms that encourage innovation and the introduction of its results in the economic practice. The most popular activities in this direction include the establishment of technology parks. Since 70-ies “technology park wave” swept almost all developed and many developing countries. Now the world is more than 600 parks, including U.S. 140, 260 in Europe, in China, 130 in Russia 60, etc.

The basic idea of technology parks is the commercialization of research results of university, academic and other research centers, whose products with innovative procedures communicated to the production structures with limits on the market.

International experience confirms that the establishment and operation of parks requires solving a complex legal, financial, organizational, staffing and other activities. All this, as well as the creation and promotion of innovative projects require time and long enough. Americans believe that breeding parks for positive financial results required 10-15 years, roughly the same time in Europe.

Parks, as one of the most successful forms of organization of innovative activities, tend to have a special tax return, the various systems of tax rebates and concessional loans, accelerated depreciation of equipment and facilities for rental of fixed assets and the performance of customs operations. In most countries the bulk of the financing of science and technology parks from the state. In France, this part is 50% in Japan – up to 100%.

The most successful industrial parks reached in those cases when their activities coincide with the interests of not only central government but also local authorities, businesses and organizations within the region, aimed at the implementation of scientific development for socio-economic development of the region.

When used in Ukraine are the Western experience of creation and functioning of the innovation infrastructure should be borne in mind that, either now or in the near future do not have to rely on the budget financing of technology parks, incubators and other innovative structures. Virtually the only possible form of state support is a special regime of innovation in the Law and the Law on technoparks innovation. However, they provide compensation to no more than 10-12% of the costs of enterprises in the implementation of innovative projects.

Speaking at a conference on innovation development of Ukraine (February 2003), Leonid D. Kuchma stressed: “The world practice shows that the internal market of high technologies requires active promotion. A classic example of this – the state promoting scientific and technological progress in the U.S.. I support the need State incentive system for innovation development through the introduction of tax incentives for innovation and export of high technology products “and further:” it is necessary to finalize the establishment in Ukraine of the national innovation infrastructure (innovation and technology centers, technology parks, technology incubators) … as agents of innovative ideas from the scientific technological discovery to mass production. ”

In recent years Ukraine has basically developed a legal framework that ensures economic interest in innovation, created eight parks. The peculiarity of Ukrainian parks is that the tax preferences provided by law is not for industrial park in general and for specific innovative projects, passing the state examination and approved in due course.

The results of the Ukrainian industrial parks, and especially of Technopark “PWI them. Paton and Technology Park” Institute for Single Crystals “show that they have already become an effective link, actually combines science with production. Over the past 3 years the surgery participants Technopark was 2.07 billion hryvnia. At the same time the budget received more than 75 million hryvnia. These are additional contributions which are secured only through innovative projects parks, will not be innovative projects – will not be those revenues. The total amount of benefits amounted to 300 million hryvnia, of which 177.6 mln. through special accounts parks were reinvested in the development of innovation infrastructure. For 2006-2007. tax base is the first stage of product innovation parks to reach 2 billion hryvnia per year, and end-of-five-year term of special-regime for these projects revenue will be about 400 million hryvnia.