The main areas for investment abroad are:
1. implementation of real investment projects;
2. purchase of securities of foreign states, companies (companies);
3. purchase and sale of foreign currency;
4. Work with options and futures.
Realization of real investment projects includes:
• The conclusion of mutually beneficial agreements with governments and private organizations of foreign countries on the establishment, renovation and modernization of economic and other purposes;
• actively participate and gain ongoing international tenders and auctions in obtaining relevant work orders from their leaders;
• promotion of the foreign market new technologies and competitive products and services that are of interest of foreign states in their acquisition or joint ventures in its territory;
Acquisition of securities of foreign states, companies (firms) is associated with the work on the stock (stock) market with bonds and equities.
The international bond market is a collection of regional and national markets, which are drawn domestic and foreign debt securities, usually in the currency of the borrower.
International bonds can be of two types:
1. fixed interest rates (Straight Bonds);
2. with floating rates (Floating Rate Notes).

Bonds stock exchange and OTC ways to handle the entire planet and may have very different characteristics, ranging from zero coupon and ending guaranteed interest payment in freely convertible currency. European bond market has no physical location, but the majority of them are traded on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange to meet the requirements of publicly listed (Listing) once a quarter or year. At the Luxembourg Stock Exchange is scanty amount of trades, as most of them around the clock, and as quickly as possible within the framework of the Association of International Bond Dealers (Assosiation of International Bond Dealers – AIBD).
The general condition of the bond market is characterized by the corresponding indices yield – the ratio of income to get the coupon face value.
Trading in shares held as well as on the stock markets and OTC way – by telephone and computer networks.
The size of the stock market is characterized by its market capitalization – the value outstanding shares – and the volume of transactions. Data on the capitalization of the world, regional and national markets continuously published in the financial press.